Saskatoon berries (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.) Out of the 100 plants tested, only 12 demonstrated antiviral activity at non-toxic dosages. Yes that’s right, the berry saskatoon has 220% more antioxidants than blueberries when comparing equal weights of each. You have options, more on those in a minute. Want them outside of season? This is a large amount of Saskatoon berry sauce mainly because I wanted to have jars on hand for the fall/winter. Ground cover between rows, such as grass (kept short so it doesn’t go to seed), can be helpful in keeping weeds down, which is especially important for smaller plants, and can also reduce erosion. My mother used to pick Saskatoon berries when she was a young girl. The bushes are shade tolerant, though yields may increase with greater sunlight. The varieties, listed below, are subject to availability. Jacob’s Farm hadn’t advertised them as being ready yet, but another farm about one hour east along Torch Lake did. Do this twice, using saskatoons and juneberries, since what they’re called differs by farm. Sometimes I like smaller sized tarts (they’re almost big bite sized) so I will use a smaller cut out to make the crust, and will make 15 tarts instead of 12. One grower reported that, after the fall freeze, spraying the trunks with an Irish Spring soap solution (2 bars, shaved, diluted with 1-2 qts hot water, then mixed with 4 gallons of water), seemed to deter mice and rabbits from chewing on the bark. pinch salt Saskatoon bushes are a deciduous shrub or small tree that can reach 16 ft in height. Most soil types can work, but they do best in fertile black dirt with medium moisture content. Finding where to buy saskatoons or juneberries is a huge challenge. That’s not the worst part, though. Grasshoppers can damage leaves and the bark of smaller stems. Studies also showed that there are potential anticarcinogenic activity of anthocyanins in fruits and fruit products, and anthocyanins may possess multifaceted actions including antioxidation and anticarinigenesis, and may have inhibitory effects on colon carcinogenesis. Are huckleberries the same as saskatoons? Directions for: Grandma Betsy’s Saskatoon Berry Crisp Ingredients. Recommended planting density is 700-1700 per Acre (900 per acre for mechanical harvesting). Homemade Whipped Cheesecake with Saskatoon Berries: 3. The taste of a Saskatoon berry is actually quite difficult to describe. Too expensive for a daily indulgence, but for research of other hard-to-find berries, we have ordered from them a couple times. That hypothesis is based on this test comparing fresh vs. frozen blueberries. It’s how long it takes to pick these little guys. Those are certainly a lot easier to find and ship than a seedling! In order to prepare the jam, the berries are first crushed, then combined with sugar, water, and lemon juice. These viruses were grown in the lab using cultured cow and African green monkey cells. saskatoon berry taste . American Journal of Epidemiology; V 166,8: 924-931. In the United States, the following will be your best bets for where to find them. Most of the Midwest, Pacific Northwest, and East Coast are good saskatoon berry growing zones. From 2012 and onward, all of their initiatives have made use of this moniker. They are also available throughout the year when frozen. Saskatoon berries are considered a better source of calcium than red meats, vegetables and cereals. I’m a huge fan of plain fruit and happily eat our juneberries right off the tree or from a bowl, but if you’re more of a recipe/dessert person, there are some wonderful things you can do with your juneberries or saskatoon berries or whatever you prefer to call them. (4), If you search PubMed for this plant, you will find zero human clinical trials or studies. Though it didn’t appear to have antiviral effects against herpes, influenza, or the others which were tested. Oh and in case you’re curious, the frozen will likely have higher antioxidant content than fresh which have sat around for a couple days. Superfoodly is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. For making pies and dressing, try the syrup as a flavor booster. The saskatoon berry plant varies in size from being a shrub of one metre tall to a small tree of five metres tall. Saskatoon berries are also known as Service or June Berries. Old fashioned saskatoon pie is a taste of the Canadian prairies. Not at the grocery store. At this time, only 15-20% of the fruit is ripe, so it’s more time intensive process to sort through and pick them. In drier and hotter areas, a layer of mulch can help keep the moisture in. Many would describe the taste of saskatoon as having a sweet, nutty almond flavor. Then try Frank P. Matthews Ltd (01584 812800). The saskatoon name is reportedly an anglicization from the Cree language word misâskwatômina (Mis-sack-qua-too-mina), which means “the fruit of the tree of many branches”. Food Research international 38: 1079-1085. Sweet and delicious, Saskatoons are a local favourite making international headlines. The very first order placed with them was sent to a different state altogether. These 50 Foods Are High In Lectins: Avoidance or Not? They are also high in fiber, protein and antioxidants. Like their apple cousins, saskatoons continue to ripen after they are picked. This site is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for advice from your physician. The outcome will be a report entitled The State of the Saskatoon Berry Industry, 2019. Saskatoons are native to North America, growing wild from Alaska to Maine. Average Fruit Size: 15mm. It should not be used to prevent, treat, or cure any viral infection. The jams and jellies you can buy easily online. The city name is an Anglicization of the Cree word, ‘misâskwatômin’, which is… you guessed it, the saskatoonberry. Today saskatoons are commonly used in pies, tarts, scones, muffins, bread, coffee cake, jams, compote, sauces, salad dressing, trail mix and other snack foods. Using the best method to date, ORAC testing, here’s how their antioxidant content compares. Saskatoon berries (Amelanchier alnifolia) look much like blueberries, though they are more closely related to the apple family. Earth Delights is the better bargain, since 3 quarts would weigh at least 4 lbs (probably 5). Saskatoon Michigan offers three different varieties of saskatoon berry plants. That’s because it’s actually a pome fruit, just like apples and pears are. One farm, that had a fence around their saskatoons, found that turkeys do a great job of reducing the grasshopper population. Get in Touch. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.© 2020 Superfoodly, What Did Jesus Eat? Compost can be helpful also, but has (in some cases) provided winter protection for mice. Saskatoon Berry Galette with Lemon and Thyme, a scrumptious dessert that lets us cling to the summer a little bit longer. Saskatoon berries are a sweet dark purple wild berry found in abundance by small lakes & streams. In the northern lower peninsula of Michigan there are currently over 20 commercial growers that have 50 to 10,000 plants each. The city is named after the berry. Might one of the benefits of juneberry be better glycemic control? 4 cups (1 L) freshly picked saskatoon berries (if using frozen berries, they must be completely thawed and excess moisture removed) ¾ cup (175 mL) flour. By far, the juneberries are the sweetest. The Saskatoon … Slightly smaller than a blueberry and purple in color, saskatoons grow on a deciduous shrub native to the Northwest U.S. and Canada, and can be found as far north as Alaska. Aside from obvious uses like toast and bagels, incorporating them into scones, tarts, cookies, pies, and other baked goods is easy to do. Their price was $3/pint and $5/quart, which meant this bounty costs $10. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. (8). Back in the 90’s, botanists at the University of British Columbia screened 100 different plants from their region for antiviral activity. Saskatoons are not as pH finicky as blueberries. Anthocyanins (from two Greek words meaning “plant” and “blue”) are part of a large and widespread group of plant constituents known as flavonoids. Saskatoon berries look very much like dark purple blueberries, and they’re even more packed with antioxidants and disease-fighting nutrients. Edible varieties sold by our members include: Thiessen, JB-30, Northline, Martin, and Smoky. This was on June 29th, the first day the Saskatoon Berry Institute of North America announced them being ripe for picking in the area. Live in the UK? For the other eleven, buying them frozen will be the only way to enjoy them raw and unprocessed. They grow in many conditions, from sea level to mountain peaks, and are less picky about soils conditions than blueberries. Ozga, J. Last and least, we come to a solution for those who have a lot of patience. They prefer, but do not require, full sun. Seedlings are planted with 13–20 feet (4.0–6.1 m) between rows and 1.5–3 feet (0.46–0.91 m) between plants. The ORAC (oxygen radical absorbance capacity) value is one of the methods used to measure the total antioxidant activity in fruit. That’s not to say you can’t find them at 25 or 50 other markets, but whatever the number, it’s likely only 1% at most. scavenge free radicals and inhibit intracellular oxidation. As with many apples, the saskatoon is only moderately sweet, which is why some don’t like the taste. The berries were edible and safe to eat, but not sent using the method listed at time of order. The mature bushes sport white flowers each spring. Berries ripen in late June or early July. My relatives grew up in the Fort William, Port Arthur area, now known as Thunder Bay. In 2013, Pakistani researchers found that two flavonoids in the fruit, quercitin 3-galactoside and 3- glucoside, showed good binding activity (an antiviral effect) against the human hepatitis C virus when it was tested in the lab. Some describe the flavor as cherry and almond. Kwok, D.D Kitts. These hardy bushes can bear fruit for 30 years or more. We are currently working on a survey of operations in several other states and the Canadian provinces. With both them and us on the west coast, as Superfoodly is based in Los Angeles, you would think their shipping to us would be more reliable versus a rural market. 25 Myrrh Essential Oil Uses & Gum Benefits Being Studied, Coconut Nectar Benefits For Glycemic Index Are Deceptive, 12 Manuka Oil Benefits Scientifically Analyzed, Review: Mustard Bath Recipes Don’t Detox, But They Do This, Thompson Ethnobotany: Knowledge and Usage of Plants by the Thompson Indians of British Columbia, this test comparing fresh vs. frozen blueberries, What’s a Green Peppercorn? Saskatoons are the earliest wild berry to harvest and have a creamy sweet taste. (9). You can buy jams, compotes, sauces, salad dressing, and even juneberry wine. Nothing is more traditional on the prairies than a jam recipe from the Atco Blue Flame Kitchen. They are also available throughout the year when frozen. Saskatoons can be consumed fresh, or preserved in frozen, dried, or canned form. Pro-oxidants: Are Antioxidants Actually Bad For You? Saskatoon berry varieties: JB 30 MARTIN MARTIN. You pay the marked price per pint or quart, typically by putting the cash into a drop box. Suckering: Low. As shown above, during summer months we have seen the frozen juneberries for sale at farmers markets. But you have to factor in the cost of express one or two-day shipping and the Styrofoam cooler which goes along with that… not cheap! Where can I buy juneberries? After that, you only have 3-4 weeks to enjoy the fresh berries before they’re all gone for the year. Each grower that completes and submits their survey will receive a copy of the complied report. Like we’re taking away their namesake to make it more ‘merican. They did this because historically, the Blackfeet Indian tribe reportedly used saskatoons for diabetes in at least some form. Exposing The Scam: Health Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar, Review: GreenPan Levels Stackable Cookware Set Pros and Cons. The picture, below shows saskatoons on the top and bottom layers of a classic English Trifle. Some say they are similar to blueberries, but have a nuttier taste. Makes a great cake filling too! However, beware of frost damage to blossoms as late as May. Is Meat Bad For You? Saskatoon berries make a wonderfully sweet and nutty flavoured jam, and in pastry form it is sure to put a dose of wild in your morning routine. There was “significant inhibition” of intestinal a-glucosidase activity, which in turn delayed the absorption of carbohydrates. The Saskatoon berry gets a name change when it crosses the border into some U.S. states. I grow them in Tsukahara, Japan. Since most places are only selling small seedlings and it’s going to take a while until they produce fruit, maybe you just want to start with seeds. See our Directory for Nursery contact information. To avoid damage, pick and store in containers with depths of 6″ or less. Yield will be greater if berries are protected from birds, rabbits and deer. There are over 8,600 markets registered in the USDA Farmers Market Directory. And before they were in vogue, some said they were the “poor man’s blueberry.”. A year later, an order was sent 3-day ground (versus the 2-day advertised) and in turn, what we received was slightly thawed. Being extremely hardy (zone 2), the juneberry growing conditions work well for northern states, including Alaska. Finding them at a farmers market is even more of a wild-goose chase, since not many vendors at those places promote themselves online. But that doesn’t bode well for American farmers wanting to cash in on the trend. It has thin, oval leaves. Many confuse the two, but they’re different things. What does a saskatoon berry taste like? Roots need at least 24 inches of depth. Saskatoons are also known as june berries and service berries. Antioxidant rich fruits reportedly have anti-cancer, anti-aging, and anti-heart disease effects on human body, reducing cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases, and acting as a protective guard to our immune systems. Given their extremely short growing season, it’s no surprise that the most popular uses for them in Canada are for canning, baking, and other culinary creations. This Super Fruit is packed full of phenolics, anthocyanins and a source of 8 essential vitamins and minerals. Juneberry Recipes (Or Saskatoon Berry Recipes for you northern readers!) They are beautiful most times of the year. They did re-send, but the weeks delay really screwed up schedules. Photo courtesy of Canstockphoto.com Thai Green Curry with Chicken and Coconut Rice (Vegetarian option available) 3. An individual bush may bear fruit 30 or more years. Though we’ve never bought them, as they were never in-stock when we placed our orders. An apple and blueberry combined, with a hint of nuttiness. Reportedly, decoctions made from their parts were also used for diarrhea, smallpox, and “as a general tonic, reportedly good for any type of sickness.” (5) (6), You can read more about this Native American remedy and others in Thompson Ethnobotany: Knowledge and Usage of Plants by the Thompson Indians of British Columbia, Going back to the lab study, they found that the Amelanchier alnifolia root extract “completely inhibited” the damaging effects of the enteric coronavirus in the lab study. Or at least, we have never came across them at a Whole Foods, Sprouts, or even natural co-op market. This led to lower blood sugar after eating. When possible, shelter plants from frequent and prolonged winds, especially during the winter. Too lazy to drive all the way there, we drove here instead. Tea made with the leaves and twigs was one herbal remedy. Coronaviruses are a broad category of viruses affecting both animals and humans. At peak season in mid-July, you could probably do this at twice the speed. Whether you are a backyard hobbyist or a professional farm, or anything in between, you can purchase plants. Of course, ordering alcohol online with shipping across state lines isn’t always feasible, so homemade saskatoon wine recipes may be your only option depending on where you live. That one dark purple berry you see in this clump is ripe. The one that grows behind my cabin is now more than 20 feet tall. Of course they do, but is the amount the same, better, or worse than other more common berries? If choosing the spring, plant before the plant emerges from dormancy. Here are some nurseries which sell the live trees. But we did see that at a farmers market during a prior trip to Northern Michigan. Did we also mention that Saskatoon Berries also taste delicious! Too lazy to drive all the way there, we drove here instead. Antioxidants In Meat vs. When is saskatoon berry season? Some describe the flavor as cherry and almond. *Nutritional facts based on serving size of 100g (3.5 oz) of the raw, fresh fruit. A buttery, delicate, whole wheat crust envelops tiny, juicy, and sweet Saskatoon … They are also high in fiber, protein and antioxidants. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry Volume 56, Number 3, Pages 642-646. Even though it looks like a blueberry, it’s not related. Saskatoon Berries just don’t quit when it comes to health and nutrition. 2019 is shaping up to be a bumper crop for saskatoons. In Canada you will have better luck, since the crop size there is exponentially larger and it’s already a well-known and in-demand food. This is why it’s best to seek the scientific name, Amelanchier alnifolia, when researching it. We took a trip there to see this place for ourselves. Aside from being a food source, they’re also quite beautiful with their big white blooms in the spring, as well as their red and gold foliage in the fall. Off season is by appointment only. Traditional Saskatoon Berry Jam. Saskatoons can be planted in the fall to promote root growth or in the spring to avoid winter weather. It has dark grey to reddish bark. Bloom Time: Average. This Cree word is also the source of the city name Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, which is located on the banks of the South Saskatchewan River. Most only offer seedlings or those which are 2-3 feet in height. A mature saskatoon bush can grow to a height of six or seven metres. Ilsa kindly agreed to harvest our Saskatoon berry shrub. What Benefits Do Saskatoon Berries Offer? Henderson and L.N. They can also be used in wine, cider and a variety of liquors. Along the picturesque M-22 highway in the town of Glen Arbor, we stumbled upon these at a farmers market during the last week of July. The following chart compares the nutritional benefits of saskatoons compared to some other common berries. Keep in mind this is just one study using fat mice. Harvest Characteristics: Very Uniform Ripening. The Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia), Pacific serviceberry, western serviceberry, alder-leaf shadbush, dwarf shadbush, chuckley pear, or western juneberry, is a shrub with edible berry-like fruit, native to North America from Alaska across most of western Canada and in the western and north-central United States. Recent research indicates saskatoons have very high components of phenolics, flavonols and anthocyanins. Unfortunately, that hasn’t been our experience. Yields, with proper management, can be 3.5 – 4.5 tons per acre. Originally eaten by the aboriginal tribes, today it’s a superfood highly sought after for use in recipes like pies and jam, or just to eat raw. Thai Green Curry with Chicken and Coconut Rice (Vegetarian option available) 3. 86: 193-197. and U. Nothlings, S.P. There are definitely more than that, but finding them will require homework. Last we checked, the former charges $28.50 for a 3 quart tub, while the latter has 3 lb bags for $40. Saskatoon berries have a variety of names throughout North America, including: prairie berry, serviceberry, shadbush, juneberry and, in past centuries, pigeon berry. Young plants need paper writer to be weeded, especially for invasive, rhizomatous weeds, for best results. Although the taste is somewhat similar to a blueberry there is a unique subtle flavour of a "wild" fruit in the Saskatoon Berry. 15 Superfoods In The Bible & His Time, Do Avocados Have Protein? There are a couple directories online like upickfarmlocator.com, but a search for juneberries on there only yielded one result! Growing right across western North America, the Saskatoon Berry has become a favourite of anyone that has had the chance to taste it. Most of the above are bovine – meaning they infect cattle – but they are similar to human forms of herpes, influenza, and rotavirus. Why did they test the roots? The winters are very cold and the soil is dark and rich. Saskatoons are high in natural sugar, rich in Vitamin C, and also contain more than three times as much iron and copper in the same weight as raisins. Dirty in the spring, plant before the plant emerges from dormancy peninsula of Michigan there definitely. Off topic, another shocker to many people is where goji berries rank damaged... Vendors at those places promote themselves online very much like dark purple berry you see in clump!, since 3 quarts would weigh at least 4 lbs ( probably 5 ) and. Dry don ’ t appear to have jars on hand for the other eleven, buying frozen... States, the harvesting begins during the winter choosing the spring, plant before the emerges! In Salmon Arm Rangoon and Pan Fried Dumplings: 3 since what they ’ re in,... A height of six or seven metres were used in wine, cider a... A large amount of saskatoon as having a sweet, which is why some don ’ t seen with fruit! 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