Introduction : a challenge to peace research A major challenge for the study of conflict resolution is its application to violent and protracted ethnic conflicts. History, politics, sociology, economics, science and technology have affected the meaning, nature and study of peace and conflict; and in more contemporary realities, environmental issues are becoming determinant factor for peace or/and conflict situations. Conflict and Critical Theories Part I: Conflict Theory: Lewis Coser (1913–2003) Ralf Dahrendorf (1929–) Randall Collins (1941–) What do an argument, the Enron case, bidding on eBay, the civil rights movement, and the U. S. invasion of Iraq have in common? The Economic Conflict theory, Human Needs Theory of conflict, Relative Deprivation theory, Protracted Social Conflict theory (PSC) and Psycho-cultural Conflict theory are the theoretical underpinnings of this study, since the Bawku conflict hinges on the issues that these theories deal with. REFERENCES FRIEDRICH, P. “Theories of peace and their relationship to language”. This research explores the theories of change and underlying assumptions of six peacebuilding initiatives of six organisations in Nepal: Alliance for Peace, CARE Nepal, International Alert, Search For Common Ground (SFCG), Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction and Youth Action Nepal. DEFINITIONS: 1. Theories of Conflict is based on lectures given when the author was professor of sociology at Columbia University 1958-60, of conflict and peace studies at the University of Oslo 1969-1977, and visiting professor at Universit¨at Z¨uric h spring 1972 and University of Hawai’i spring 1973. Theories of War Since the early 2000-s about 120 armed clashes took place in the whole world. An emerging trend in conflict theory shifts the focus from the political economy to basic human needs. However, not all conflict resolution is successful. Their price is 6 million of people killed during them. The root of a conflict is always a contradiction, an incompatibility or clash of goals which then easily translates into a class of parties and violent behavior. negative peace: remove the conflict, by solving it or, more modestly, by transforming it so that the parties can handle it in a nonviolent way, with empathy for each other, and with creativity. It depends at times on the procedure(s) and/or styles employed. peace and conflict on certain universally accepted definitions. A GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND CONCEPTS IN PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES Witness for Peace [a faith-based U.S. organisation] . . Theories of Peace and Conflict (PEAC501) aims to provide a graduate-level introduction to and analytical assessment of the main theoretical frameworks and approaches employed within the field of Peace Studies as they relate to violent political conflict within, between, and across states. Languages around the globe have different words that can mean different kinds of peace: inner peace, the absence of war and social justice. CHAPTER 2 CONFLICT AND PEACE: A THEORETICAL ANALYSIS Introduction In order to have a clear view of the root causes of conflict and its implication, it is important to discuss and analyze the subject in proper context. THEORIES IN PEACE AND CONFLICT RESEARCH Demola Akinyoade 1 (PhD) (A paper presented at the International Conference of the Society for Peace Studies and Practice (SPSP), “ Defining and Rethinking Peace and Security Systems in Transitional Democracies ” Venue: Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. . Intrastate conflicts: the causes and patterns; 10. Why? Even if they might play a significant role in the drawn-out theories. (PDF) Theories in Peace and Conflict Research | Demola V ... Peace, from the linguistic point of view, is intimately attached to association of cultures with languages and making them a weapon of communication and mutual understanding. Theories of Conflict Resolution and Their Applicability To Protracted Ethnic Conflicts Kumar Rupesinghe* International Peace Research Institute, Oslo 1. They comprised 80 countries. reflective theories or approaches, such as the cases of Human Security, Feminism, Post-structuralism, Constructivism, Post-Colonialism, Critical Studies, and the Copenhagen School. THEORIES OF PEACE AND CONFLICT AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO LANGUAGE (FRIEDRICH, 2007) Camila Araújo, Felipe Roque, Joana Dresch, Nathalia Wichan, Norma Caldas and Vinicius Lima 2. International Journal of Peace Studies, Volume 10, Number 2, Autumn/Winter 2005 THEORIES OF CONFLICT AND THE IRAQ WAR Daniel Lieberfeld Abstract The article examines the U.S. decision to invade Iraq from a range of analytic perspectives—realism, liberalism, elite interests, ideological influences, and personal and social psychology—in order to better understand the causes of the … The final chapter aims to synthesise structure and agency-based theories by proposing a critical discourse analysis of violent conflict. Human needs theorists place the cause of conflict to unmet human needs. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology ® welcomes scholarly manuscripts that examine peace, conflict, and their interaction at all levels of analysis, from interpersonal to community, regional, national, and international issues.. analysis of conflict genesis and dynamics, provides only a very small spectre of conflict resolution techniques, which, moreover, seem to work best on the local level and once the conflict has already gone soft. Understanding Class Conflict, Race Conflict, Gender Conflict, and Other Conflict Theories. We explain Marx’s conflict theory and other conflict theories to show how tension between social, political, material, and other forces manifest.. PDF | On Aug 5, 2014, Fabio Andres Diaz published Conflict, Peace, Security and Development: Theories and Methodologies | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Emerging Conflict Theories: Human Needs Theory . Various theories about peace educa-tion have arisen as peace movement activists have struggled to address different forms of violence at global, ecological, community and personal levels. Symbolic Procedures/Tools towards Peace Initiatives All conflict has a resolution. This paper will first present five postulates of peace education that help define this growing field and then Based on the assumption that understanding theories and their evolution, and knowing how to locate specific analytical tools within the broader history of given disciplines, is key to understanding current contemporary dynamics of conflict, this course does not introduce students to the whole array of peace and conflict studies. . Contemporary theories of conflict in the Peace studies (Barton, Azar, Galtung, Kriesberg, Fisher, Singer, Holsti); 8. Conflict resolution and peace building for children begins with empathy development Children with greater empathetic skills are less violent as adults and are more likely to share and help others (Damon, The Moral Child, 1988) “Empathyis the bridge spanning the chasm that separates us from each other” 3. . . Regional conflicts; 13. Discussing the theories of conflict: Case study - movie "12 Angry Men"; 9. The emergence and development of all these theories and approaches are historically contextualized alongside developments of Conflict Resolution approaches. peacebuilding and conflict prevention programming. Over the last two centuries, realism and liberalism have accounted for much of what has taken place in the international arena and they continue to offer prescriptions of state behaviour and its possible effects on peace in-between nation states. The MA in Peace, Conflict and Development Studies provides an advanced understanding of the inter-relationships between conflict, development, security, and governance in developing, fragile, transitional and/or conflict affected regions and countries. Understanding Peace and Conflict Through Social Identity Theory: Contemporary Global Perspectives aims to help achieve such an understanding and as such is a valuable resource to those studying peace and conflict, psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists, public policy makers, and all those interested in the ways in which social identity impacts our world. Many theories of conflict exist in explaining the nature of conflict in society. This book will be essential reading for students of war and conflict studies, peace studies, conflict analysis and conflict resolution, and ethnic conflict, as well as security studies and IR in general. Previous research In order to objectively understand the nature and the role of media in peace and conflict management, it is important to understand the various ways through which media influence conflict and conflict management. The course begins with an introduction to peace studies, focusing on why this is a useful area of inquiry and how peace can be studied scientifically. Peace and conflict studies often involve an exploration of the interconnections among such issues as poverty, violence and non-violence, individual and overall security, hunger, discrimination, human rights, war and justice, freedom, and the human community. conflict transformation theory and an introduction to process design, the main body of the report presents case studies of dialogue mediation, local mediation, ombuds institutions, and early warning The cases are based on experiences from Algeria, Denmark, Egypt, Kenya, Morocco, Tajikistan and Yemen. . Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyzes violent and nonviolent behaviours as well as the structural mechanisms attending conflicts (including social conflicts), with a view towards understanding those processes which lead to a more desirable human condition. Inter-state conflicts during the Cold War; 11. PEACE Problems in defining what is peace. and Conflict Management's “Peace and Conflict" study indicated that the overall decline in conflicts had stalled. announced that they would camp out in the war zones until the fighting stopped . . 49. They are all forms of conflict with various levels of intensity and violence. To pursue this goal, core political concepts such as power, order, violence and justice are theorized in distinctive ways. Two theories which take these arguments forward towards peace and resolution of conflicts in international theory are realism and liberalism. Theories of War. Inter-state conflicts after the Cold War; 12. … scholars in order to understand peace and conflict, and 3) to encourage students to begin to try their own hand at making sense out of a complex and interesting subject. Witnesses courted the prospect that their own blood Peace.ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. This chapter discusses the theoretical aspects of conflicts and peace. [and eventually] their actions spread to all corners of Nicaragua. Peace and Conflict Studies is an interdisciplinary field of study with a commitment to the non-violent management and resolution of conflict from the local to the international level. For conflict resolution to really take place, and be successful, both parties need to have the sense that the procedural style is fair, satisfactory and in their best interest. 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