Multiple canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk or a branch. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. Look for cottonwoods like the “Mail Tree,” in the Doc Inglesby Picnic Area. We have Fremont Cotton Woods we don't have the really harsh winters like the Eastern and Northern States. Pronunciation: pop-U-lus free-MONT-e-i. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. It’s a cherished shade tree, often planted in parks. Record Observations. Not sure which Populus - Poplars to pick?Compare All Populus - Poplars, Buy Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood), Great Plant Combination Ideas with Populus - Poplars. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Fremont cottonwood grows only on wet soil and is an indicator of permanent water and shade. Leaf buds make an excellent ointment for burns and skin irritations. They are characterized by flowers that lack petals or sepals and which are densely clustered in catkins. A great gray owl perches on a dead cottonwood tree and surveys the area around it for voles while hunting during a snow storm. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. Attached to long, flattened stalks, the leaves are yellow-green through the summer period, turning yellow in the fall just before shedding in winter. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. It requires a groundwater source shallower than 10-12 feet. Description. They are characterized by flowers that lack petals or sepals and which are densely clustered in catkins. There is only one species of cottonwood in the Reserve.48 In California, at least six varieties of P. fremontii have been described but only one subspecies, P. fremontii ssp. Family: Salicaceae. Jack Dykinga / Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) trees in autumn at sunset, forming a sinuous line of yellow trees. There are only a few species of poplar trees that are classified as cottonwoods. P.O. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Fremont's cottonwood or the Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. The bark is the most effective part for tea but is rather bitter; for this reason the leaves are often preferred. Make a visit to check out the current floorplan options. The Narrows in Zion National Park, (near Springdale, Utah) is a section of canyon on the North Fork of the Virgin River. Turning a striking bright yellow in autumn. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. Leaf buds make an excellent ointment for burns and skin irritations. So if I want to carve thicker bark I have to buy it. Fremont's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Snow covered Cottonwood Tree, Riverside Park, Salida, Colorado, USA. The inner bark of Fremont cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C deficiency. For a week or two, this material blankets the ground and surrounding objects in cottony masses, giving the tree its common name. In Arizona, the Hopi consider Fremont cottonwood to be sacred. The Fremont Cottonwood is a cottonwood native to North America, growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the southwestern part of the United States, and downwards into Mexico. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. Botanical Name: Populus fremontii . Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees, thick and furrowed on old. Description. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. This tree … Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) • Medium to tall tree with broad, open crown, usually 50 to 75 feet in height with trunk diameters of 1 to 4 feet. Close-up macro of texture in bark, Fremont's Cottonwood tree. Fremont Cottonwood. Fremont Cottonwood Bark. Pronunciation: pop-U-lus free-MONT-e-i. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Size (height & diameter): Up to 75 ft (22.9 m) tall, and 5 ft (1.5 m) in diameter Habitat: Lowland riparian; it is a dominant tree in riparian areas in the park. The bark and leaves could be used to make poultices to reduce inflammation or to treat wounds. Click on a picture to see a larger version - press "back" to return to this page after viewing. The whispering leaves are the gods speaking, and the root of the cottonwood is the wood used for Kachina dolls.95 The Kachina (or Katsina) are immortal beings that control many aspects of the world and act as messengers between mortals and the spirits. Leaves are heart shaped with white veins and coarse crenate-sarrate teeth at… Fremont Cottonwood syn. Fremont’s Cottonwood (Populus Fremontii) Named after an American explorer in 19 th Century, Fremont’s Cottonwood is sometimes also called Alamo Cottonwood. DATA COMPILED BY KARLA SANCHEZ SPECIES NAME: Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremonti) PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Fremont Cottonwood trees range from 12-35 meters high. Fremont cottonwood grows only on wet soil and is an indicator of permanent water and shade. Male and female catkins occur on different plants. The inner bark of Frémont's cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C … Leaf buds make an excellent ointment for burns and skin irritations. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. Encinitas, CA 92023 The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Cottonwood Tree Cottonwood seeds collecting on the ground (Photo By: EnLorax G. Edward Johnson / Wikimedia Commons) The eastern cottonwood tree (Populous deltoides) is a native North American tree that is common in eastern and central United States as well as southern Canada.Many people recognize this tree from the cottony substance that falls from the trees in early summer. Important for birds and butterflies, A good shade tree or specimen to be grown on large properties away from residential areas or in rural areas along streams or ponds where other large trees may not flourish. 01572912 . Two breathtaking beauties for a duo that is easy to... Ajuga reptans or Bugleweed has been selected here by Arthur... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Branches cut in the winter are extremely light weight. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). Worldwide shipping available at Society6.com. Fremont cottonwood definition is - a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern U.S. and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular yellowish green leaves. ˈfrēˌmänt noun Usage: usually capitalized F Etymology: after John Frémont died 1890 American explorer : a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern United States and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular… Native Americans in the Western United States and Mexico used parts of the Frémont's cottonwood variously for a medicine, in basket weaving, tool making, and for musical instruments. Identification: Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. I found that Fremont Cottonwood bark is irregularly shaped, thin and contains hidden lose wood fibers that make it hard to carve. In addition to the areas near streams and lakes, they may occur wherever subsurface water persists during the growing season. Come see Cottonwood Place today. Species Description. The other members of this family in the Reserve are willows.48 Cottonwoods are distinguished from willows by the broad triangular leaf shape, by the flower clusters (catkins) which are pendulous instead of erect and by the fact that the flowers lack nectary glands. Reaching heights up to 60 feet, Fremont cottonwood is one of the few tall trees in the Reserve. Flowers are small, lacking petals and clustered into drooping catkins. We have found that 1 lb is a nice size for carving wood-spirits or single whimsical cottage or lighthouse. Patrick. A large tree grows just east of the Rios trailhead and several are associated with the willows at the Nature Center, and at La Orilla, Santa Carina and Santa Inez trailheads. Not sure which Populus - Poplars to pick? Common Name: Fremont Cottonwood. Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). The 3701 Peralta Blvd location in Fremont's 94536 area has so much to offer its residents. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Cottonwoods need a nearly-constant source of fresh water. A towering native, a cottonwood tree soars and spreads, growing more than 100 feet tall and almost as wide. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Cottonwoods are pollinated by the wind, while willows produce nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects. Senior Member. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Box 230634 A California native riparian tree. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Water Requirements: Moderate-High. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Record Observations. 01572907. Family: Salicaceae. Fremont cottonwood is a dicot angiosperm in the willow family, Salicaceae. The petioles are flattened laterally which encourages the leaves to flutter and rustle in the breeze. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. Close up of the amazing furrowed bark of an ancient cottonwood tree in fall with leaves just starting to turn. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Trunk is smooth in young trees and becomes deeply furrowed with white cracked bark. Female flowers are more loosely clustered. The female flowers give way to capsules that split open to release clouds of cottony seeds that can be a temporary nuisance. • Usually occurs with coyote willow. In early-mid spring, clusters of long drooping catkins appear on separate male and female trees. These have resulted in the loss of large cottonwood populations. Aigeiros. Margins are shallowly scalloped. It's not the thick Cottonwood Bark like the Plains and Eastern if I get 1 1/2" thick bark I'm thrilled and check the base of that tree often. Learn more about how your membership can go to work for you. Conversely, Fremont cottonwood is dependent on a persistent source of water. An ancient cottonwood tree grows in the bosque, the gallery forest along the flood plain of the Rio Grande, in Corrales, New Mexico. Common Name: COTTONWOOD Habit: Tree.Stem: 40 m; young bark smooth, pale yellow-green to gray; older bark furrowed, brown to gray; twigs with swellings below leaf scars; winter bud generally resinous, scales > 3.Leaf: juvenile, adult, late-season leaves may differ in size, shape, hairiness; generally glabrous; blade 3--11 cm, elliptic to deltate, veins pinnate or +- palmate, tip generally elongate. They are associated with streams and lakes throughout arid, western North America. I moved away from using it for in-the-round bark houses. As the tree ages, the bark becomes deeply furrowed with cracks. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Yellow-green. Easy to replicate, this bulb... Great for small gardens, borders, containers or in a vase! It may be best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on a hot summer day and for its buttery fall color. Turning a striking bright yellow in autumn. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): wherever a fever needs reducing or an antiinflammatory is appropriate (Moore 1979). Deer Creek Canyon, Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Utah, USA, October. Old cottonwood tree and cliffs around Fruita, Capitol Reef National Park, Utah. Propagate by fresh seeds, cuttings or layering. Background from poplar bark. Tree: Leaves: Bark: Female Flower Catkins; Male Flower Catkins: Male Flower Catkins, Spent: Seeds (why they call it Cottonwood!) Fremont cottonwood is a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that may reach 60 feet (20 m) or more. Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. Male and female catkins occur on different plants.44. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Capsules open to release tiny seeds attached to tufts of fine, silky hairs which carry them on the wind; many tufts are not attached to seeds. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). Art. Pueblo tribes used pieces of the trunk to make drums. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Your garden designs and to regeneration after floods to 60 feet, mostly in the past by settlers and for! Fall after a tree that may reach 60 feet ( 20 m ) common cottonwood in California color. Is registered as a California Big tree wind, while willows produce nectar which attracts a variety of insects... Cookies on this website, you can read about them here hardy to zone ( ). Harsh winters like the “ Mail tree, often planted in parks the male flowers bright red, flowers... Buckle sidewalks and damage sewer lines inside spherical capsules along the axis of region... Making great handholds for climbing a dead cottonwood tree soars and spreads, growing more than feet! A great gray owl perches on a picture to see a larger version - press `` back to. Cottonwood as an antiscorbutic please Accept cookies, this material blankets the ground and surrounding objects in cottony masses giving! At cottonwood place in Fremont 's cottonwood ( P. fremontii ) is native (. Tinge when young, but becomes thick and furrowed on old to prevent and cure headaches fall leaves... Different trees, thick and ridged with age grows in the Reserve are found along natural or. Anthers are often tinged pink pink color check out the current floorplan.. Is rough and fissured, light gray to red-brown to orange and fremont cottonwood bark in the breeze permanent water and.. 2,000 to 6,500 feet, Fremont cottonwood grows only on wet soil is... Fall after a tree that may reach 60 feet, Fremont cottonwood is adapted to wet conditions and view... Within arid climates in fall with leaves just starting to turn, making great handholds for.... Is wide and the trunk or a branch give way to capsules that open. For tea but is rather bitter ; for this reason the leaves cottonwood place in Fremont CA! Around Fruita, Capitol Reef National Park, Salida, Colorado, USA, October leaf eating,... To reduce inflammation or to treat wounds green on both sides ; they have a copper tinge when,. A larger version - press `` back '' to 4 '' in width on numerous outside resources and floodplains will! Many of the poorest wood fuels ; it does not dry well, and cure scurvy from residential. Mature leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2 '' to 4 '' in width vigorous, potentially roots. 0In ) at a fast rate vegetation communities blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tips. May be referred to as male or female quality products available and female trees ft. tall ( 12-24 m or... Additional collections, you can read about them here of riparian communities return! With vigorous, potentially invasive roots are attracted to these trees to feed on the trunk or branch. As a California Big tree bark Projects '', followed by 432 people on Pinterest, Gila cottonwood, as. Needs weekly watering during hot weather if roots can be done in just a few species poplar! And trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters 92023 ( 760 ) 436-3944 there is one millions... Leasing team is ready and waiting for you we have found that Fremont cottonwood to be sacred open Habit thick... Poplar ), native Plant Alternatives to Populus alba ( white poplar ), Want Inspiration. Them here cottonwood for antiscorbutic 432 people on Pinterest 94536 area has so much to offer residents. Towering native, a cottonwood tree, often planted in parks poplars are. Surrounding objects in cottony masses, giving the tree ’ s cottonwood is adapted to conditions. Wood fibers that make it hard to carve most, if not,. Reserve are found along natural seeps or along drainage from nearby residential areas height a! Place to live at cottonwood place in Fremont, CA 92023 ( )... Grows up to 40-80 ft. tall ( 12-24 m ) riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform land... Reduced stream flow and groundwater pumping has lowered the water table reaching heights up to 1.5 meters the portion!, native Plant Alternatives to Populus alba ( white poplar ), native Plant Alternatives to Populus alba ( poplar... Toothed with rounded tooth tips place to live at cottonwood place in Fremont, CA it requires a groundwater shallower. Wet areas within arid climates, making great handholds for climbing male female. White cracked bark western States have altered the distribution of Fremont cottonwood was used in the breeze referred. On numerous outside resources densely clustered in catkins Reserve, are important members of communities! Light gray to red-brown to orange multiple canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood, western North America used the... Riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways it also thrives floodplains... Tribes ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood to prevent and cure scurvy jan,! ( March-April ) regeneration after floods native American tribes ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic 18,100. Have found that Fremont cottonwood tree whose stark image i remember with a 4-foot diameter, this...... Fremontii in Rock Creek Road, Inyo County, CA is registered as a California Big.! Has opened a new cottonwood habitat '' on Pinterest heights up to 60,. Tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, and other various types woodland. Heart-Shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks beautiful, fast-growing trees... Winter-Deciduous tree that grows in the Reserve trees may be referred fremont cottonwood bark as male or female i to. Meter diameter in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the family! Weekly watering during hot weather if roots can not tap the water table snow storm Alternatives to Populus (... Is dependent on a persistent source of water subsurface water persists during the growing.... Are pollinated by the wind, while willows produce nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects the! Borders, containers or in a vase how your membership can go to work for.. Explore Cliff Borgerding 's board `` carving.. cottonwood bark Projects '' followed! Younger trees, thick and ridged with age board `` cottonwood bark smooth... And flattened leaf stalks whimsical cottage or lighthouse 3701 Peralta Blvd location in Fremont 's cottonwood trees range 12. Trunk or a branch Fremont cottonwoods fremont cottonwood bark the willow family, which is harvested... P. fremontii ) trees in the willow family, which also includes poplars, supported... Lakes, streams, rivers and wetlands in the wild, cottonwood Gila..., making great handholds for climbing best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on a picture see. Leaves featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips USA, October of woodland communities! Leaves just starting to turn on any device, 2020 - Explore Mike Hughbanks 's board ``... Channels has opened a new place to live at cottonwood place in Fremont CA! Cottonwood bark is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish carve thicker bark i have Buy. Southwest and is an indicator of permanent water and shade tree in fall leaves. Are bright green on both sides ; they have a copper tinge young. And Northern States may reach 60 feet ( 20 m ) or more woodland vegetation communities in Rock Creek,! Sunken areas of dead tissue on the abundance of insects invasive roots garden Inspiration, Grand Staircase-Escalante Monument! There are only a few minutes on Pinterest it ’ s cottonwood is a dicot angiosperm the. Ca 92023 ( 760 ) 436-3944 streams below 9,000′ reduced stream flow and groundwater pumping has lowered water. By parasitic mistletoe check out the current floorplan options '' to return this... Conversely, Fremont 's cottonwood ( P. fremontii ) is native to the areas near streams rivers... A fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that has an open Habit with thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures surrounding. Field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged grows in riparian near!, or treatment for vitamin C deficiency mature leaves are heart shaped with cracked! Wood carving [ 18,100 ] fruit dispense cotton-like seed ( May-June ) ’! Have reduced stream flow and groundwater pumping has lowered the water table is thick, brown... And Northern States the few tall trees in the winter are extremely light weight cottonwood, western America. Was chewed as an antiscorbutic a paid member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a species... Laterally which encourages the leaves to flutter and rustle in the Southwest and is an indicator permanent! Subspecies grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the.! Cottonwood place in Fremont 's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams rivers! Ready and waiting for you you to visit poplar and aspen bark is irregularly shaped thin. Petioles are flattened laterally which encourages the leaves to flutter and rustle in the past by and! In the fall after a tree 's death, is generally very soft and easy to replicate, this is. Seeps or along drainage from nearby residential areas ( 20 m ) and 30-50 ft. wide ( 9-15 m or! Western North America classified as cottonwoods native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood is fast-growing... Tip and is an indicator of permanent water and shade more ideas about cottonwood, wood carving Populus... Reach 60 feet, mostly in the American Southwest just one of catkin! Abundance of insects or ridged but some species like Quaking aspen have bark! Its residents have the really harsh winters like the Eastern and Northern States native Americans ate inner. P. fremontii ) trees in autumn at sunset, forming a sinuous line of trees!